The analysis of the sentences in cases of military crime in 2022
8 February 2023
The Russian invasion of Ukraine and the beginning of the full-scale war has increased the number of mobilized Ukrainian citizens. We have investigated the data from the court register with the help of the retrieval system «Grandma» to compare the results from 2022 to 2015 since these are the periods of intensive military activities and the first massive waves of mobilization in independent Ukraine.
During 2022, the highest rate of cases, namely 228, for the evasion of mobilization from citizens was seen in March. Since then, the number of cases is leveled to approximately 100 cases per month. In December, the rate of the records regarding the evaders fell ten times, and it included up to 19 cases per month.
There were 1108 overall cases in 2022. Despite that, during the full-scale war there, more people are required to mobilize, and people who ‘evade’ are less than two times compared to 2015. That year, there were 2256 cases under the same article.
Most of the accused, who are charged with this article during the full-scale war, are sentenced to from 2 to 3 years in jail and with a probationary period of from 1 to 2 years. Currently, there is only one actual case of imprisonment found in the public records when the accused was sentenced to 3 years in jail in August 2022.
Interestingly that almost 30 % of the overall number of convictions, according to this article, was recorded in Zakarpattia Oblast.
Accordingly, an increased number of the military could not cause the number of military crimes. One of the side effects of this trend has become the signing of bill 8271 by the President at the end of January 2023. It implies strengthening the responsibility for the military.
Compared to 2015, the occasions of disobedience have raised in 6 times. In 2022, there were 1574 cases, according to this article, and the peak was in May- June, but since then, the number of cases has been decreasing.
Depending on the gravity of the crime, the accused were sentenced to retention in the disciplinary battalion, guardhouse, «suspended» sentence, contributions from salary in favor of the government at a rate from 10% to 20 %, or fine ranging from 34 to 154 thousands of hryvnias. Notably, an appeal against sentences concerning this article are absent in the register.
Under the article of AWOL, there were recorded 6183 cases. November was the month with the highest rate, consisting of 26 % of the overall number. In contrast, the frequency of such instances in 2015 was 1.6 times lower- 3926.
Under this article, there are registered 3214 cases in a year. The peak of runaways is noticed in March. Compared to the wave of mobilization in 2015, the number of such instances has increased three times.
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